Compared with other cities in Vietnam, Hoi An has many unique historical and geographical features. This land has a long history and is a meeting place between the different cultures of different countries.
The first characteristic that can be recognized immediately in Hoi An culture is diversity. Vietnamese people who came to live in Hoi An from the end of the 15th century, who lived peacefully together with the Cham people, still settled long ago. When Hoi An officially became a crowded international harbor, it has welcomed many new residents from different countries.
This helps Hoi An today to have a multi-layered, multi-layered culture; It is very clear in all forms of intangible culture such as customary customs, folklore, cuisine, or festivals, …
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Another characteristic feature of Hoi An culture is its low cost. Unlike Hue, the old city of our country, where there are many cultural heritage of royal nature, the relic system of Hoi An is the traditional cultural institutions with the characteristics of life normal life In Hoi An, intangible cultures are still alive and very compatible with the physical culture of the place.
In Hoi An, besides worshiping ancestors, the people here are also worshiped Ngu Tu gia gia. According to the conception here, the country has a king with the master, the master of the house is Ngu, and must be worshiped.
The place of worship was built in the middle of the house, on the altar of the family. In fact, in the house in Hoi An, in addition to the general examination, each of the Pentecostal deities have their own incense burner. Particularly, in the Chinese family, instead of worshiping the Kitchen Army, they put the church in the air space, next to the worship of God Blessings.
On religion, there can be many different religions in Hoi An such as Buddhism; Catholic Rooma, Protestantism, Cao Dai, … but Buddhism still dominates the majority. Many families in Hoi An do not follow Buddhism but still worship Buddha and vegetarian.
Another difference in the belief in Hoi An is the practice of worshiping Quan Cong, although rare in the countryside but especially popular in the city. Although the sacred system worshiped in Hoi An is very diverse and rich, but Quan Cong is considered as the most sacred. The shrine dedicated to Quan Cong was built right in the center of the old quarter, becoming a very sacred center of belief in this place.
Hoi An culture with traditional festivals
In Hoi An, many traditional festivals are preserved, such as the festival of reverence for the royal prince, the commemoration of the patriarchs, or the festivals of the saints. Normally, each village has a house to worship the royal family and the porch. Every year, in the early spring, the villages start festivals to honor the saints of their village and to commemorate the merits of the gentry.
In addition, Hoi An also has many other traditional festivals held here such as Long Chu festival; the fishing festival on the full moon in February and the security in the middle of the third lunar month; Ong festival, the festival night full of ancient streets every night on 14 lunar month … The festival here is usually held solemnly and attract the domestic and foreign visitors to attend.
Music, plays and folk games
The forms of choir, folk games in Hoi An are crystallized from the working process of local residents. To this day it is still preserved and is an impossible part of the spiritual life of the people here. There may be drumming, lead-screeching, scissors, moonshining, singing, baiting, abortion, chorus, etc.
Hoi An also has a tradition of performing traditional music in festivals, funeral celebrations, and traditional amateur music with well known artisans. The people here also have a lot of fun, typical such as: next game, games to beat, banquet games, banquet games, calligraphy games, games calligraphy.
Fine food culture
Situated at the estuary of the river, where cross-roads of waterways are intersecting, is also a place of economic and cultural convergence for centuries. Thanks to that, Hoi An has a very rich culinary culture and its own nuances.
The marine environment here has a direct impact on the daily life, customs and lifestyle of local residents, including food habits. In the daily meal of the people of Hoi An, seafood always occupy a large part, while in the market, the number of shrimp, crabs and fish are also consumed twice the amount of meat. Fish has become an indispensable dish in the diet of the residents of Hoi An.
In addition, Hoi An still preserves some customs and habits of food of some Chinese families such as: on the occasion of Tet, they often cook some dishes such as: Phuoc Kien, Chau, kim money, … to enjoy together, as well as to be a chance to recall the origin of the nation. Chinese residents also contributed significantly to the richness of Hoi An cuisine, which is also the author of many specialty dishes only here.
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