Urban design is a key task in seven tasks set out at the 10th Congress of the Party in the term 2015-2020. In order to carry out this task, leaders of Ho Chi Minh City have many solutions, but the reality has not been much effective.
Many problems in urban development
Urban development and renovation are now considered a hot spot in Ho Chi Minh City as many experts say that the more cities implement solutions, the more they go to dead ends and create a “half-hearted” effect.
For example, the construction of some main roads of the city such as Pham Van Dong road connecting Thu Duc district to Tan Son Nhat airport, Truong Son road connecting the airport to the city center, etc. helping to reduce traffic jams and create a good traffic surface for the city to develop the suburbs.
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However, despite the positive effects, these projects also appear to have some limitations. For example, after the Pham Van Dong road passing through Tan Binh, Binh Thanh and Thu Duc districts were opened, the scene of ultra-thin, hyper-distorted houses appeared on both sides of the road.
Not only that, the side of the road appears a side of the house turned into the tunnel when the road surface is higher than the house more than 1 sqm, while the other house turns into a hill when the floor is higher than the surface of more than 1 m. So far, after 3 years of the unveiling, the city still cannot overcome these shortcomings for the people.
On the Truong Son route that connects the airport to the city center, after being expanded to address traffic congestion and vice versa, traffic congestion is denser and more serious. In March of this year, HCM City built Tran Nao Street linking Saigon Bridge to Thu Thiem New City (District 2).
The road has just been built, the houses on both sides of the road turn into tunnels and only after a little rain, the houses here are exposed to flooding.
Not only the traffic system, as flood prevention, urban embellishment of the city also in the flood as flooding. The city has spent tens of billions to build flood protection systems, but flooding in the city’s rainy season has not only declined but is on the rise.
For example, the East is invested sewage installation project with total investment of more than 6 million USD, just completed in early 2016, but only after a rain in early September 2016, this area has flooded with water above 1sqm.
Or in the West, although the investment was implemented sewer system and inaugurated in May 2016 with a total investment of more than 7.2 million USD, it is now one of the “black” points of flooding in HCMC. Especially, in the first rain of September last year, the roads here were flooded with flood levels of nearly 1sq m.
Not only flood control, urban development in coastal districts is making leaders of Ho Chi Minh City headaches.
Implementing the plan to expand the central district to the outskirts of the city, the city issued Decision 33/2014, replacing Decision 19/2009 on the area of land separation, making it easier for people to build. And registration of land use rights. However, after Decision 33 was promulgated, people took turns to use agricultural land to change their land use purpose, to divide the plots for sale
The loosening of the administration of some districts has led to a spontaneous, fragmented development of the district, creating inexpensive, useless, even residential areas. Facilitate some businesses to create ghost projects to trick customers. Facing this situation, the Ministry of Construction has recently inspected this issue of the City.
Another problem is that the planning of the city’s key urban projects are also in the deadlock when too many plans appear. For example, planning the development of the largest urban area in Southeast Asia called Thu Thiem new urban area (District 2) since 1996, but so far, 20 years have passed, this project has not completed compensation and there are no official categories yet.
Within the 770 hectares area planned to become a new urban area, the investor’s 20 years of implementation are just dusty roads. Meanwhile, according to a report from the People’s Committee of Ho Chi Minh City, at present, this unit must pay 114 400 USD in bank interest due to borrowing to develop the project planning.
Another project that needs to be mentioned is the slash eradication project along the canal. Officially deployed in 1993 with tens of thousands of slums at 67 canals throughout the city have been relocated and relocated, but nowadays, the project remains stuck in place, even, according to According to the HCM City Department of Construction, by 2015, there were an additional 7,000 houses along the canal.
This is just one of the few solutions of the City in the development of urban renewal has not worked effectively, even have to bear the consequences unknown date of escape.
Struggling to find solutions
Before this situation, the People’s Committee of Ho Chi Minh City has organized the consultation of architects, architects, business ideas and solutions to the City leaders to implement the planning of urban development better.
PH.D, architect Le Van Nam, former Chief Architect of Ho Chi Minh City, said that in 2010, the second master plan of the City designation model development Ho Chi Minh City ” Medium – polar “model of urban organization. General Planning of the City has guided the city’s expansion into the outlying districts and suburban districts, by establishing new urban areas. Many new urban areas such as Thu Thiem, Northwest, Can Gio beach encroachment … have been formed.
“Despite the positive achievements, it can be recognized in parallel that the current urban planning and development has not kept up with the pace of development. The technical infrastructure system does not meet the requirements and speed of socio-economic development of the city. Traffic jams, floods and environmental pollution are still serious and somewhat more severe.
Planning work is not yet one step ahead, yet creating a solid foundation, as a premise for other sectors to develop. The quality of research on construction planning projects has not been approved yet, and the demand and fluctuations of socioeconomic development and market situation have not been precisely forecasted. The solution of urban refurbishment projects of the city is not accurate, though many adjustments have the evaluation, experience.
The amount of research on urban embellishment has not been mentioned much, not actively proposed through specific programs and projects when planning, but only when the policy implementation of the new leaders to review, make plans for implementation, etc.” , Nam said.
Mr. Nam said that the city needs to adjust the new planning associated with the specific embellishment and urban development program with the construction of public transport system in order to orient the urban development based on transport corridor Public transport capacity and speed.
Transfer of urban areas with high population density. Quickly zoning planning details closely to the functions and duties of each district.
It is not necessary to elaborate a comprehensive plan in the whole of the city but should select areas that require improvement and development to study in advance, real investment guidance, etc.
At the same time, Mr. Nam added, the program of embellishment of housing on canals and canals should be promoted, the scope of research projects housing is not limited to 20 – 30 m corridor two The canal, which may have to widen the boundaries of some adjacent lands, could be used to call for construction investment, to rebuild slums in the form of PPP partnerships.
Architect Nguyen Trong Hoa, the senior research officer of the Institute for Development Studies in Ho Chi Minh City, said that it is necessary to study the adjustment of population size is expected to increase and a number of investment projects and plans, according to the general plan of the current district.
Planning projects of 1 / 5,000 scale, these projects do not necessarily follow the administrative boundaries of the districts, but based on the current status of land, topography, hydrology, population current status, the current state of the structures and transport networks, as well as the socio-economic development potential of each particular large and small region.
Huynh The Du, Director of the Fulbright Economics Teaching Program, said that in addition to adjusting the planning, Ho Chi Minh City also needed to develop its regional economy and link urban development to neighboring provinces. Traffic system such as Cat Lai ferry, Highway 1A connecting provinces such as Long An, Dong Nai, Vung Tau, Binh Duong and so on.
The connection will expand the market size of Ho Chi Minh City and people in neighboring provinces can go to Ho Chi Minh City to work and can return home to the provinces by the type of public transport speed. Fastness and link are only one route per province.
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