After 4 years of implementation of the Decree of the Government on urban development investment, 28 provinces and centrally-run cities have approved urban development programs. In terms of comprehensive assessment, urban development in Viet Nam has been speeding up, but accelerated urbanization has also accompanied the rhythm of insecurity.
According to the Ministry of Construction, the localities have reviewed, adjusted and supplemented various types of construction planning, urban development programs, urban development zones and management boards to attract investment, concentrate resources for urban development and technical infrastructure.
In addition to the 28 provinces and centrally-run cities that have approved the provincial urban development program, 23 provinces are establishing or adjusting urban development programs in the whole province; localities have established 13 urban development zones and are forming 12 other urban development zones.
It can be said in recent years, in most cities, the construction of urban development has triggered the fever of “doing business” from real estate, the service also grows stronger. From the North to the South, from the business to the people are looking for real estate investment opportunities, “bustling” to find the frontage, beautiful location. The buildings that sprout all over, street projects with the goal of changing the appearance of the city also pulls the story of “dividing” the land.
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Not only that, there are also explosive industrial parks, high-end to high-end residential areas. From then on the wave of “wave of land exchange for infrastructure,” the explosion of compensation, the explosion of local budget controversy fiercely. All the final consequences create pressure on infrastructure, overload of hospitals, schools, traffic congestion and environmental pollution.
The “hot development” of two big cities, Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City, may be time to “sum up” the lessons learned from urban development in other big and small cities. Hai Phong, Da Nang, Nha Trang … It is thought that the management agency should consider the limitations to make planning policies that can take advantage of strong urban development rather than development. overwhelming.
The face of urban Hanoi with high-rise skyscrapers scrutinize a few green areas, the suburban land delineated areas, villas, abandoned “golden” land is still there as a reminder.
Also in the context of “stifling” urban, to improve the quality of life in the construction industry, real estate began to think of building green, creating a green life. However, our green level is only just reaching.
Sharing with reporters, Architect Pham Thanh Tung – Office of the Vietnam Association of Architects said that Green City or Green Building is the urban architecture of the world, the 21st century. Long ago, starting with the over-exploitation of human resources, mankind faced the threat of depletion of oil, gas and energy resources. Besides, the adverse impact of climate change, coupled with the rapid development of the industry, has created environmental pollution, climate insecurity, extreme heat and cold, floods and droughts. …
Meanwhile, in Vietnam, we have just started building green and thinking of green urban development. Green cities are not just living in our homes, using dehumidifiers, deodorizers because they are just living spaces. Urban is a settlement, the population is rich and poor people. Urban construction is concerned with the living conditions of the people, which tend to focus on issues such as improving urban green space, parks and public amenities.
According to architect Pham Thanh Tung, the highlight of the city is not so high, it is just a geometric point. It must be understood that the municipality has architectural works that are both distinctive and moderately valuable for the cultural contribution to the urban appearance. Urban construction must also think about preserving the development of cultural and historical values to serve the society, beautifying the urban landscape of the area and contributing to the city. That point makes sense.
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In addition, the street face must create a friendly neighborhood, not just full of amenities and goods. While the whole city “tiger cage” again creates an unsafe urban, people living alone do not trust each other, it can not call urban development sustainable in any respect.
The Government’s goal is to achieve a 45% urbanization rate by 2020, an urban system of around 940, including 2 special urban centers, and urban centers of grade IV to grade I with 318 urban centers. , 620 V urban centers and form an additional 204 new urban centers. In terms of urban quality, average floor area reached 29 (m2 / person); The percentage of solid houses is 75%. The rate of land for traffic in urban areas of special grade, I and type II shall be 25% or more; Urban from grade III to grade V reaches 20% or more …
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